Blood sugar levels after eating – Normal, High & Low
Diabetes is a condition in which the body’s ability to produce or react to the hormone insulin is impaired. The pancreas in people with type 1 diabetes does not contain insulin. People with type 2 diabetes have insulin-resistant cells in their bodies or a pancreas that delays or avoids producing enough insulin (blood glucose). Glucose levels can be elevated in all forms of diabetes and are always found higher than the normal blood sugar 1 hour after eating, 30 minutes after eating or even before eating.
Diabetic Blood sugar levels after eating
Normal blood levels can vary significantly depending on the blood tests used and the experience of your doctor, but the variations are minimal. Furthermore, what is considered “natural” ranges for non-diabetics are not the same for diabetics; it is commonly agreed that target blood sugar levels after eating, for diabetics would be slightly higher than those for non-diabetics.
The target glucose range for people with diabetes, who have well-controlled blood sugar levels after eating, with drugs is different. These individuals may have a fasting range of 100 mg/dL or less and a post-meal range of 180 mg/dL. If a person’s diabetes isn’t well regulated, they can experience much higher glucose ranges or hypoglycemia (for example, 200-400 mg/d; however, some people with diabetes have much higher blood sugar levels after eating).
Normal blood sugar levels after eating & before eating:
Before eating or fasting, normal blood sugar levels in adults without diabetes vary from 72 mg/dL to 99 mg/dL, while fasting ranges for those being treated for type 1 or type 2 diabetes range from 80 mg/dL to 130 mg/dL. The American Diabetes Association recommends that blood sugar levels be 80-130 mg/dL before consuming a meal (fasting) and blood sugar levels after eating be less than 180 mg/dL around 1-2 hours. Therefore, Normal blood sugar level 1 hour after eating is less than 180 mg/dL.
High blood sugar levels after eating in those who don’t have diabetes start at 140 mg/dL or higher, whereas those who are being treated for diabetes start at 180 mg/dL, which is known as hyperglycemia.
Are high blood sugar levels after eating dangerous?
Yes, blood sugar levels that are too high can be harmful. While high blood sugar levels after eating, typically trigger symptoms such as excessive urination, thirst, hunger, and weight loss, they may also cause lower extremity paresthesias (pins and needles sensations) and/or loss of feeling, blurry vision, and a tendency to be at higher risk for infections and a variety of other medical problems such as kidney and eye injury. Diabetic ketoacidosis, which can result in loss of consciousness and death, is caused by extremely high blood sugar levels after eating (for example, 1000 mg/dL or higher). Excessively elevated blood sugar levels after eating, is treated with IV fluids and insulin.
Are low blood sugar levels after eating dangerous?
Yes, low blood sugar symptoms may include hunger, nervousness, sweating, dizziness, and even confusion; if left untreated, low blood sugar (also known as hypoglycemia) may lead to unconsciousness, seizures, coma, and death. 70 mg/dL or less are considered low blood sugar levels. Hypoglycemia may occur in people with diabetes who take too much medicine (insulin) or take the recommended amount but then eat less or exercise more than normal. Hypoglycemia can occur in people without diabetes who take someone else’s medicine, drink too much alcohol, have extreme hepatitis, or develop a rare pancreatic tumour (insulinoma). Oral glucose consumption (15.0 grammes of sugar, for example, 1 tablespoon of sugar, honey, corn syrup, or IV fluids containing glucose) is used to treat hypoglycemia. It is recommended that you monitor your blood sugar levels 15 minutes after treatment.
What can you do to manage your blood sugar levels after eating?
Avoid high-carbohydrate, high-sugar foods such as buttered potatoes, fried foods, sweets, and sugary desserts such as cake with frosting. Dietary improvements are an important aspect of diabetes management. To help you control your type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes, keep a blood sugar logbook with the date, time, and values of your or your doctor’s blood sugar levels after eating, and use a blood glucose home test kit to get glucose test results. Often, keep track of any changes in symptoms over time. The logbook will help you and your doctor to change treatments and activities to achieve the best diabetic management possible.
We at Twin believe in offering personalized treatment for Type 2 Diabetes because no two bodies are the same and not one treatment can suit all. Our team of world-class doctors advise what’s best for you with the help of precision nutrition, precision sleep and precision activities, prescribed just for you that will help keep your blood sugar levels intact.