Everything you must know about your Insulin Injection
Insulin is a hormone secreted by our pancreas in the body. There may also be many individuals requiring insulin for various health issues. Insulin injection is one of the treatment options for diabetic people.
As per a study conducted by Stanford University, the number of diabetic people globally is expected to increase from 405.6 million in 2015 to 510.8 million in 2030. Since it is a progressive disease, our bodies may need insulin injection to compensate for the reduced production of insulin by the pancreas.
What is Diabetes and why is Insulin Injection necessary?
A person has diabetes when the levels of sugar in the blood are higher than the prescribed limit. The pancreas is an organ in our body responsible for producing a hormone called insulin.
Insulin works by converting glucose from the food we eat into energy used by our body to carry out various activities. If the body fails to produce enough, doctors may prescribe medications and insulin injection to help regulate blood glucose levels.
What should be the dosage, and can an insulin injection help cure the problem? Before answering this question, let us understand the role of insulin in diabetic patients.
What is the role of Insulin?
After having a meal or a snack, the digestive system breaks down carbs and converts them into glucose. Glucose gets absorbed in the bloodstream through the small intestinal lining.
Once the bloodstream gets glucose, the body cells absorb the sugar and convert it into energy. This action takes place due to the role played by insulin. It helps in managing and balancing sugar levels in the blood.
If there is excess glucose in the bloodstream, a signal is given to the body by insulin to store excess sugar in the liver. This stored glucose is released only if the glucose level in the blood decreases. It usually happens when a person is stressed, between meals, or when the body needs an extra energy boost.
Keep reading to know more about the right dosage and correct insulin injection angle.
Insulin as a Diabetes Treatment Option
An Insulin injection is one of the treatment options for diabetics. It can help treat both types of diabetes. The insulin injected into the bloodstream acts as a supplement or replacement to the insulin in the body.
Since it is impossible to make insulin by Type 1 diabetics, they must go for an insulin injection as the preferred diabetes treatment choice and control their blood glucose levels.
Type 2 diabetics are prescribed oral medications and lifestyle changes to manage their blood glucose levels. But, when these fail to make a difference, the doctor may prescribe them an insulin injection to be administered at appropriate sites.
What are the types of Insulin treatments?
Insulin treatment is of different types but produces the same effect. It mimics natural high and low levels of insulin in the body throughout the day. The different insulin types have an impact on how long and fast they work.
The types of insulin treatment are as follows:
|Number||Insulin Type||How it Works||Impact of the Injection||When to use it?|
|1.||Rapid Acting Insulin||It starts working within 15 minutes of injecting.||Its effect lasts for 3-4 hours.||Just Before Meal|
|2.||Short Acting Insulin||It starts working within an hour of injecting.||Its effect lasts for 5-8 hours.||30 mins before a meal.|
|3.||Intermediate Acting Insulin||It starts working within a couple of hours of injecting.||Its effect may last for 14-16 hours.||Any time of the day.|
|4.||Long-Acting Insulin||It starts working after two hours of injecting.||Its effect can last up to a day or longer.||Any time of the day.|
How to give insulin injection?
For an effective insulin injection, an insulin pen or a syringe is used. Depending on health needs, personal preference, and insurance coverage, the type of injection is decided. A diabetes educator or the doctor can show the patient how to take injections. It is injected under the skin at different parts of the body.
Some of the insulin injection sites are:
- Upper Arms
Important Note– It is extremely vital to know about the insulin injection angle for administering the proper dosage.
This injection must not be injected within 2 inches of the belly button as the body fails to absorb insulin in this area.
Keep varying the location for insulin injection sites where you inject the insulin so that your skin doesn’t get thickened from continuous insulin exposure.
As per MedLinePlus Medical Encyclopedia, choose clean and dry insulin injection sites and allow them to go to the subcutaneous layer.
How to store an Insulin injection?
An insulin injection must be stored in a refrigerator between 36 degrees Fahrenheit to 46 degrees Fahrenheit. Proper storage keeps insulin good until the date of expiry.
What should be the ideal dosage of insulin?
The insulin dosage varies from person to person depending on the diabetes management goals and blood glucose levels. Ask your doctor about the dosage and what time to administer to get optimal results.
Many doctors suggest taking insulin immediately before a meal or an hour before if it acts slowly. The insulin amount needed daily is also dependent on other factors like physical activity level, diet, the severity of the disease, and more.
It is never too late to begin diagnosing Diabetes because complications will only aggravate the body’s condition.
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