Frequent Urination & Diabetes: Warning Signs to look for
One of the many indicators of diabetes mellitus is a condition known as polyuria or “excessive urine production.” Symptoms for frequent urination in diabetes are characterized by acute onset chronic diuresis– a sudden and excessive or abnormally large volume of urine excreted from the body (typically over 3 litres of fluid).
This is not to be confused with an uncontrollable need to frequently void one’s bladder; it is the excessive and abnormal volume of urine that marks polyuria.
So, it raises a critical question- how to stop frequent urination in diabetes?
How is frequent urination & diabetes related?
Generally, in case of diabetes, there is a need to urinate more than 7 times in a span of 24 hours while only drinking 2 litres of fluid or less. This is classified as frequent urination, which is also a hallmark of diabetes.
Alongside polyphagia (excessive feelings of uncontrollable hunger) and polydipsia (excessive feelings of uncontrollable thirst), polyuria completes the symptomatic triad of diabetes mellitus and, in fact, it often serves as an early warning sign of a potential threat of diabetes.
That being said, frequent urination in diabetes is also an often harmless symptom. It is not directly responsible for any bodily harm, albeit quite irritating. However, there are quite a few long-term complications and consequences to both large volume and high-frequency urination.
How to stop frequent urination in diabetes?
Just to recap, diabetes mellitus describes a condition in which the body is unable to produce sufficient insulin, has trouble responding to insulin or cannot produce insulin at all.
Insulin is a hormone generated by the pancreas that is important for the homeostatic (constant internal environment) control of blood glucose levels in the body – specifically in increasing blood glucose levels. This glucose regulation is frequently required for cellular survival.
Let’s check some more important facts related to frequent urination in diabetes and find an answer to the above question.
Why do sugar patients urinate frequently?
Frequent urination in diabetes happens due to an excess of glucose present in the blood can disrupt regular osmotic function (i.e. the water content of the cells).
The glucose in the blood draws water out of the cells, down the water potential gradient, thus increasing the amount of water circulating in the blood and reducing the amount of water present in cells.
This results in two conditions: the cells shrink or shrivel (known as plasmolysis), and the frequent filtering of excess glucose from the blood starts to overwork the kidneys. This results in excess glucose being excreted through the urine as the condition worsens and becomes more severe (known as glycosuria).
Nocturia is another urinary complication related to diabetes. It refers to a condition where an individual needs to wake up during the night due to the urge to urinate which is referred to as frequent urination in diabetes.
This obstructs sleep and is often associated with the general urge to urinate frequently, with or without an underlying condition of diabetes. This is also why sugar patient urinate frequently. But a form of diabetes known as diabetes insipidus has been reported to show a close link to nocturia
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What Causes Frequent Urination in Diabetes?
Due to the high concentration of glucose in the blood when suffering from diabetes mellitus, the kidneys fail to regulate and filter the glucose in urine properly.
So, frequent urination in diabetes is because of the presence of this excess glucose in the renal capsule and convoluted tubules draw more water into the ureters instead of letting it get selectively reabsorbed lower into the nephron.
Therefore, more water passes out of the body through the urethra resulting in dilute (and often glucose-filled) urine.
12 other causes of Frequent Urination in Diabetes
To be certain that frequent urination is due to diabetes mellitus, we must first compare it to other alternative causes, such as:
- Diuretics (such as chlorothiazide)
- Foods that behave as natural diuretics (such as black cumin, alcohol, ginger, caffeine and so on)
- Strokes or related nervous system complications
- Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)
- Pelvic tumours
- Overactive Bladder Syndrome (OAB)
- Bladder or kidney stones
- Interstitial cystitis (inflammation of the bladder wall)
- Urinary incontinence (involuntary passage of or lack of control over urine)
- Urethral stricture (scarring in the urethra that restricts urine flow from the bladder)
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) such as chlamydia or syphilis.
It is only a safe assumption to correlate frequent urination to diabetes mellitus if the symptoms also include fatigue, inexplicable weight loss, blurred vision, swollen gums and steady loss of sensation at limb extremities (i.e. tips of fingers and toes).
How to control frequent urination in diabetes?
The foremost way on is by treating urinary issues stemming from an underlying condition of diabetes is by treating diabetes as a whole. Simply monitoring fluid intakes is not sufficient to fight the condition.
Luckily, treatments for frequent urination due to diabetes lie within the expertise of organisations such as Twin Health. Their Digital Twin Diabetes Reversal technology can be employed to completely reverse the condition, leaving you completely relaxed.
Also, choose a controlled diet and active lifestyle in order to promote glucose absorption.
Frequent urination & Diabetes – Final thoughts
Urinating in large volumes is not an immediate cause for concern. However, this is an important symptom and should be treated as such.
So, how to stop frequent urination due to diabetes? Look for signs and necessary solutions.
If you have a high frequency of urination along with any of the other symptoms of diabetes mellitus, we recommend that you contact your nearest professional, such as those offered at Twin Health, as soon as possible.