3 Major Risks related to Obesity and Diabetes

Top 3 reasons why Obesity and Diabetes will impact you

Obesity is a complicated condition marked by an excess of body fat. Obesity is more than an aesthetic issue. It’s a medical condition that raises your chances of developing other diseases and health issues, including heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and certain cancers.

Obesity and diabetes are a concern when they coexist.

You may be wondering how does obesity cause diabetes. In this article, let’s look at how obesity affects diabetes.

obesity affects diabetes

How does obesity cause type 2 diabetes? 

Obesity and diabetes are linked, according to several studies and research.

People who are obese or overweight have a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes, especially if they have excess weight around their abdomen. 

So,  how does obesity cause type 2 diabetes?

1). Insulin resistance –

Central or abdominal obesity is a high-risk kind of obesity defined by excess abdominal fat (i.e. a big waistline). Obesity and diabetes are a risky combination, according to research, since obese persons have a greater risk of acquiring type 2 diabetes than those of normal weight.

We found an answer to your query “how does obesity cause type 2 diabetes?” According to studies, cells of fat tissues in obese people are managing more nutrients beyond their capacity. This causes stress in the fat cells, triggering inflammation in them.

Due to inflammation, the fat cells emit “pro-inflammatory” chemicals or cytokines. Cytokines are proteins, which block the signal of insulin receptors making the body less sensitive to the insulin produced by it. These chemicals disrupt the functioning of insulin-responsive cells and their capacity to respond to insulin.

This is called insulin resistance and is a defining feature of type 2 diabetes. Insulin resistance, also known as adult-onset diabetes, is a condition with persistently high blood glucose levels. Insulin helps the body cells get energy from glucose (sugar).

Considering obesity and diabetes, when the body becomes insulin resistant, it is unable to convert glucose into energy, resulting in a persistently high blood glucose level. Stress, in addition to inhibiting normal insulin responses, promotes cell inflammation, which can lead to heart disease.

Insulin resistance

2). Disruption in metabolism –

Obesity is also considered to cause metabolic alterations in the body. Fat tissue (adipose tissue) releases fat molecules into the bloodstream as a result of these alterations, which can impact insulin-responsive cells and impair insulin sensitivity.

Obesity promotes prediabetes, a metabolic condition that nearly invariably progresses to type 2 diabetes, according to another explanation proposed by experts.So, how does obesity cause type 2 diabetes? Obesity disrupts fat metabolism and contributes to type 2 diabetes.

You must remember that diabetes, obesity, and metabolism are all interlinked.

One condition can trigger the other two.

3). Hyperglycaemia –

The glucose generated by the digestive processes reaches the cells (in an ideal scenario) and aids other metabolic activities. Metabolism is the process of breaking down the food eaten. How is this related to obesity and diabetes?

When insulin is present in the body, the process of utilising glycogen from the liver is also turned off. This prevents blood glucose levels from rising even higher after a meal. Insulin lowers blood glucose levels by collecting any extra glucose in the circulation and storing it as glycogen for later use.

However, if there isn’t enough insulin, the glucose won’t be able to reach the cells. Instead, a higher-than-normal quantity of glucose stays in circulation. Hyperglycemia, or increased blood glucose, is the medical term for this disorder.

One of the links between obesity and diabetes is hyperglycemia. Several studies have linked hyperglycemia as a characteristic of type 2 diabetes. 

Disruption in metabolism

Keep reading to clarify “how does obesity cause type 2 diabetes?”

How to Control Obesity and diabetes? 

Now that the link between obesity and diabetes has been established, we can try to manage diabetes by addressing fat.

Without a proper intervention at the onset of obesity, it can lead to type 2 diabetes sooner.

Here are some ways to control obesity:

  • Daily exerciseRegular exercise reduces the severity of insulin resistance. Also, exercising helps the muscles to utilise excess blood sugar. So even if the body is not producing insulin, the excess sugar levels are not redirected to fat cells. 
  • Healthy diet– Eating a balanced and healthy diet can help in weight loss and in reducing the stress on cells to burn the food, thus improving insulin responsiveness. 
  • Weight management – Even a small percentage of weight reduction can minimise the risk of type 2 diabetes majorly. 
  • Reducing stress– Lead a healthy lifestyle with proper sleep and better daily habits such as yoga, meditation, breathing exercises, etc to reduce stress in your life. 

So, have you figured out how does obesity cause type 2 diabetes? This is because diabetes, obesity, and metabolism are all linked.

There are almost 60-80% chances of obesity leading to type 2 diabetes. So, by leading a healthy lifestyle and reducing your weight, you can effectively reduce your chances of diabetes or control it. To conclude, obesity and diabetes are risky.

Schedule a free consultation with us to learn how obesity cause diabetes and to seek a solution for you. Our Twin Health specialists can give a tailored treatment to help
reverse your diabetes using our Digital Twin technology, as we have done for over 6000 others.


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